Looking for a plus-one, Japan turns to Vietnam

Vietnamese Deputy Prime Minister Nguyen Xuan Phuc shakes hands with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe prior to their talks at Abe's office in Tokyo on 10 October, 2014. (Photo: AAP).

Author: Kensuke Yanagida, Japan Institute of International Affairs

As Japan seeks to diversify its investments beyond China, an opportunity arises for Vietnam to attract greater international investment.

Over the past few years, firms invested in China have started diversifying their investment destinations and reducing their overreliance on China, in what is called the ‘China Plus One Strategy’. Read more…

Vietnam’s education system: still under construction

Vietnamese school pupils cheer as they release balloons during a ceremony held to mark the new school year. Debates on the quality of the country's education system continue. (Photo: AAP).

Author: David Brown, California

For Vietnamese youth, a university degree is the entry ticket to the middle class and a promise (often unfulfilled) of an urban professional job. Enrolment in higher education has grown from 162,000 in 1992 to over two million last year, some 25 per cent of the nation’s college-age population. Read more…

The past successes and future pitfalls of decentralisation in Vietnam

Author: Thomas Jandl, American University

Vietnam’s market reforms are inseparable from the policy of economic decentralisation, which allowed for local experimentation and forced provincial leaders into competition. This improved the business climate throughout the country. In this sense, decentralisation is a root cause of Vietnam’s attractiveness to investors around the globe. Yet it would be a mistake to view decentralisation as one smooth process. Instead, it has gone through two main phases and is now entering a third. Read more…

Oil rig out, but still no happy ending

Lieutenant-Colonel Ngo Minh Tung, captain of a Vietnamese Coast Guard vessel, speaks to reporters aboard the ship on 16 July 2014. On 15 July, the Haiyang Shiyou 981 oil rig was removed from the Vietnamese claimed EEZ in the South China Sea. (Photo: AAP).

Author: Tung Nguyen, Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam

On 15 July, the Haiyang Shiyou 981 oil rig was removed from Vietnam’s claimed EEZ in the South China Sea. But this might not be the happy ending it appears to be. The way the crisis began and ended suggests that similar incidents will occur. The Chinese decision to place the rig in the area was unilateral. So was the decision to pull it out. It was made in the absence of an agreed solution between China and Vietnam and was accompanied by a claim touting the ‘success’ of the drilling operation, which occurred ‘well within China’s sovereignty’, according to China’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs spokesperson Hong Lei. Read more…

China’s SOEs test the waters in the South China Sea

A Chinese government ship trails a Vietnamese Coast Guard vessel with reporters aboard in the South China Sea on 15  July 2014. (Photo: AAP).

Authors: Megan Bowman, George Gilligan and Justin O’Brien, UNSW

In early May, the Chinese HYSY-981 oil rig was moved into waters near the disputed Paracel Islands in the South China Sea. The oil rig is owned by the state-owned China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) and operated by its subsidiary China Oilfield Services Limited. It was redeployed with Beijing’s approval to drill for another state-owned corporation, China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC). The rig was deployed 120 nautical miles from Vietnam’s coastline and within Vietnam’s claimed exclusive economic zone. Conflict ensued between Vietnamese and Chinese sea-faring vessels and between citizens of both nations on Vietnamese soil. Read more…

China’s control over the South China Sea

A Vietnamese protester during a protest rally against China’s deployment of an oil rig in the disputed South China Sea. China recently announced that it would remove the rig. (Photo: AAP).

Author: Peter Drysdale, Editor, East Asia Forum

Last week China announced that it was towing away a giant oil rig from waters disputed with Vietnam, ahead of the onset of the typhoon season and after finding signs of oil and gas, at the same time insisting it stood firm on maritime claims that have sparked disputes with its neighbours — and warned it could return.

China deployed the US$1 billion rig in early May in waters close to the Paracel Islands in the South China Sea Read more…

Vietnam’s precarious strategic balancing act

Chinese State Councillor Yang Jiechi and Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung attend a meeting in Hanoi over the stationing of a Chinese oil rig in disputed waters in the South China Sea, 18 June 2014. (Photo: AAP)

Author: Huong Le Thu, ISEAS

Since overcoming years of isolation in the late 1990s, Vietnam has pursued an ‘omnidirectional’ foreign policy. In 2001, Vietnam began establishing a network of flexibly defined partnerships: these include ‘comprehensive’ (enhanced bilateral diplomatic and economic relations), ‘strategic’ and ‘cooperative strategic’ (the highest level of cooperation based on long-term relations). Read more…

Vietnam’s deft diplomatic footwork on the South China Sea

A Chinese Coast Guard ship chasing a Vietnamese vessel near the site of the Chinese oil rig in the disputed waters in the South China Sea on 1 June 2014. (Photo: AAP).

Author: Hoang Oanh, RSIS

In early May 2014, China deployed the drilling platform Hai Yang Shi You 981 (HYSY 981) in disputed waters in the South China Sea, causing a wave of protest in Vietnam and criticism from regional countries.

In response to China’s behaviour in the South China Sea, Hanoi has been adopting a two-pronged policy of ‘hedging’: that is, pursuing engagement along with indirect balancing and trying to maintain balanced relations between powers without firmly plumping for either. Read more…

Reforming labour relations in Vietnam

Workers take a break at a construction site in Hanoi, 7 August 2002. (Photo: AAP)

Author: Tu Phuong Nguyen, ANU

The Vietnam General Confederation of Labour (VGCL), the peak organisation overseeing trade unions and industrial relations in Vietnam, established the Committee of Labour Relations in April this year. This reflects an ongoing process of legal and regulatory reforms to deal with labour disputes — mostly in the form of workers’ strikes — that have hampered production activities in Vietnam. Read more…

Vietnam’s strategic outlook after Haiyang 981

Chinese citizens evacuated from Vietnam arrive at Xiuying port in Haikou, southern China's Hainan province on 20 May 2014. More than 3,500 Chinese citizens were evacuated from riot-hit Vietnam by sea, as Hanoi stifled fresh protests over a territorial dispute. (Photo: AAP)

Author: Thuy T Do, ANU

The sudden deployment of China’s oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981 — and about 80 naval and surveillance ships to protect it — into Vietnam’s claimed exclusive economic zone in early May sent shockwaves through Vietnam. Images of Chinese vessels ramming and firing water cannons at Vietnamese boats flooded Vietnamese media, triggering a wave of unprecedented anti-China protests across the country and overseas.

Read more…

Haiyang 981: from water cannons to court?

The Chinese oil rig Haiyang 981 in the South China Sea on 14 May 2014. (Photo: AAP)

Author: Huy Duong, Southeast Asian Sea Foundation

A dangerous clash has flared up between Vietnam and China over the latter’s deployment of an oil rig near the disputed Paracel Islands. One option for Vietnam is to submit the dispute to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea’s (UNCLOS) compulsory dispute settlement procedure.

Read more…

Oil rig incident means Vietnam–China relations face a new test

Policemen try to disperse people protesting near the Embassy of China in Vietnam. Vietnam accused Chinese boats of repeatedly ramming Vietnamese vessels near disputed waters in the South China Sea where China has placed an oil drilling platform near the Paracel Islands. (Photo: AAP).

Author: Le Hong Hiep, Vietnam National University

The current face-off between Vietnam and China over the latter’s installation of its deep-water oil rig Haiyang Shiyou 981 deep within Vietnam’s claimed exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is probably the biggest test for their bilateral relations since normalisation in 1991. Read more…

Rigged relations in the South China Sea

Anti-China protesters march while shouting slogans during a rally in downtown Ho Chi Minh city on 11 May 2014.  Protesters staged one of Vietnam's largest ever anti-China demonstrations decrying Beijing's deployment of a deep-water drilling rig in contested waters as territorial tensions soar.    (Photo: AAP)

Author: Tung Nguyen, Diplomatic Academy of Vietnam

On 1 May 2014, a China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) deep-water oil-drilling rig was moved to and installed 80 miles inside Vietnam’s claimed Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). The rig is escorted by more than 80 armed and military vessels that have engaged in firing high-power water cannons and ramming Vietnam’s civilian ships.

Read more…