Mongolia’s flagging economy stalls political progress

The main shaft hoist area at the Oyu Tolgoi copper mine in the South Gobi desert in Mongolia. (Photo: AAP).

Author: Julian Dierkes, UBC

2015 marked the 25th anniversary of Mongolia’s democratic revolution. So after 25 years of democracy, where does Mongolia stand? And, what role does Asia’s only post-state socialist democracy play internationally? Read more…

Some lessons from Mongolian diplomacy

Elbegdorj Tsakhia, President of Mongolia, addresses the UN General Assembly. The Ulaanbaatar Dialogue on Northeast Asian Security and Mongolia's increasingly prominent involvement in UN peacekeeping operations have given Mongolia a far greater international presence than might be expected. (Photo: Flickr/UN).

Author: Peter Drysdale, Editor, East Asia Forum

Mongolia might seem like an odd vantage point from which to view the travails associated with China’s rise. But the history, from Genghis Khan to the present day, and circumstance of Mongolian relations with its giant neighbour is replete with experience that might sensibly inform the conduct of relations between China and its neighbours around the South China Sea and to the east. Read more…

Mongolia’s confident new strategy towards prosperity

Two students study on a laptop from a computer distribution program in Mongolia. Mongolia has overcome a painful economic transition to become a middle-income country with the highest economic growth in the world. (Photo: Flickr/One laptop per child).

Author: Luvsanvandan Bold, Minister for Foreign Affairs, Mongolia

Mongolia’s ancestors were risk-takers who built the largest contiguous land empire in world history ranging from the Korean Peninsula to Poland, including the Middle East and Southern China. They ruled this vast territory and countless peoples wisely. During the period of the Mongol Empire, now referred to as Pax Mongolica, trade between the West and the East flourished through the famous Silk Road Read more…

Mongolia’s economic prospects and challenges

Another aspect of Mongolia's mining boom: illegal gold miners, known as Ninjas, operating a sluice near Ulanbataar. Most of the gold they extract is sold to customers in China. (Photo: AAP).

Author: Tuvshintugs Batdelger, National University of Mongolia

In recent years Mongolia has become one of the most rapidly expanding economies in the world. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit, it was one of the top performers in 2013, with economic growth of 11.7 per cent, and it is projected to be the second top-performing economy in 2014, only after South Sudan (about 15 per cent). Read more…

Mongolia in the region: time for economic foreign policy

The Oyu Tolgoi copper mine in the South Gobi desert, Mongolia. The mine is a joint venture between the Mongolian government, Canada's Ivanhoe Mines and British-Australian Rio Tinto. (Photo: AAP).

Author: Julian Dierkes, UBC

Mongolia has been extraordinarily successful in building a foreign policy around the Leitmotiv of ‘third neighbours’ for the past 20 years. Reinforced by the country’s democratisation and the promise of mineral resources, this foreign policy has helped Mongolia claim much more attention on the global stage than one might expect from a vast country of only three million inhabitants. Read more…

Japan’s Mongolian connection in North Korea

Former Director of Asian Affairs at the North Korean Foreign Ministry Ma Chol Su  meets Japanese lawmaker Antonio Inoki to sign an agreement on the opening of an office to facilitate exchanges between Japan and North Korea through sports in Pyongyang on Nov. 4, 2013 (Photo: AAP).

Authors: Julian Dierkes, UBC and Otgonbaatar Byambaa, Waseda

President Ts Elbegdorj of Mongolia became the first head of state to visit North Korea since Kim Jong-un came to power, even though initial reports suggest that the two leaders did not meet.

Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has staked a great deal of political capital on his commitment to resolve the issue of the North Korean abductions of Japanese citizens. Read more…

The steppes to the States

Supporters of President Tsakhia Elbegdorj attend the final presidential campaign rally at the Central Square in Ulan Bator before he was re-elected on 26 June (Photo: AAP).

Author: Brandon Miliate, Indiana University 

Mongolia is determined to defeat geographic destiny and escape the influence of Russia and China.

Since 1990, it has pursued a multidirectional foreign policy, forging strong ties with such global players as the United States, the EU, Japan, South Korea and India. Read more…